Directors Uptake in Entitlement Offer Scheduled to Close on August 14, 2023

Directors Uptake in Entitlement Offer Scheduled to Close on August 14, 2023

1414 Degrees Ltd  is pleased to announce that all Directors have demonstrated their confidence in 1414 Degrees’ growth by applying to take up new securities in the Company under the entitlement offer announced by the Company on 14 July 2023 (“Entitlement Offer”) in accordance with their intentions set out in the prospectus for the Entitlement Offer.

This Entitlement Offer presents an opportunity for eligible shareholders to extend their investment in 1414 Degrees.

Executive Chairman of 1414 Degrees, Dr Kevin Moriarty, commented:

“The Directors’ active participation in the Entitlement Offer underscores their belief in 1414 Degrees’ potential to decarbonise high-temperature industrial heat and their dedication to maximising shareholder value.”

“Moreover, we are equally pleased to see members of staff applying for securities under the Entitlement Offer, reflecting their commitment to the Company.”

We would like to remind all eligible shareholders that the Entitlement Offer is scheduled to close at 5:00pm (AEST) on August 14, 2023 (unless varied by the Directors in accordance with the Listing Rules and applicable law). We encourage all eligible shareholders to carefully consider this opportunity to join us in our renewed mission to decarbonise high-temperature industrial heat and contribute to global net-zero targets.

Eligible shareholders can view a copy of the prospectus and access their personalised entitlement and acceptance form at

Your continued support and participation remains vital to your Company’s future.

June 2023 Quarterly Activity Report

June 2023 Quarterly Activity Report

Today 1414 Degrees provided the June Quarterly updated to the ASX, outlining progress on key milestones in its approach to achieving commercial outcomes for the company’s thermal energy storage technology.

Executive Chairman, Dr Kevin Moriarty wrote to shareholders today summarising the key updates. His correspondence and the Quarterly update are provided below.


  • SiBox demonstration module successfully completes commissioning trials
  • SiBrick named and being readied for mass production trials
  • Study shows competitive opportunities for SiBox to replace gas in industrial processing
  • Business strategy focuses on revenue from licencing fees

Chairman’s Letter

The quarter has been pivotal in the development of the Company’s key technologies for commercialisation. Four years of intensive development of our SiBox® latent heat battery is producing very encouraging results. This progress coincides with growing interest from high-temperature industrial heat users. It’s worth mentioning that there are currently few competitive technologies in the industrial heat market, and those that exist are still in their early stages. While hydrogen burning is considered a potential competitor for producing clean industrial heat, its high cost compared to SiBox make it a less viable substitute for fossil fuels.

Interestingly, SiBox has the potential to contribute to reducing the cost and emissions of hydrogen production, therefore contributing to the many complementary technologies needed to reach net zero targets.

Our commercialisation strategy and timeline has been coming into focus during the quarter. Our SiBrick technology is being developed for mass production in existing refractory brick plants. This approach eliminates the need to build new production facilities, thereby removing a significant scale-up barrier to manufacturing large storage capacity. The SiBrick installed in the SiBox Demonstration Module (SDM) comprises a single 1 MWh storage block that can be replicated laterally or extended to increase the capacity and power output.

In the coming months our engineers will use the performance results from the SDM to design a commercial scale SiBox of up to 100 MWh, as specified in our SiBox development agreement with Woodside Energy Technologies (Woodside). As announced in 2021, upon the successful verification of the SDM, Woodside has the option to fund this commercial pilot and earn up to 49% of the SiBox intellectual property.

Our high level economic analysis announced early in the quarter showed that SiBox technology is already competitive in countries exposed to increasing gas and fossil fuel prices. It is even more competitive in countries with emissions penalties, particularly if Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanisms apply.  Additionally, our analysts predict that the build cost of SiBox will decrease with increasing capacity. A one GWh SiBox could supply up to 125 MW of highly efficient electrically generated heat to an industrial process.

Our business strategy entails licencing third-party engineering supply companies to build and deploy SiBox while 1414 Degrees continues to focus on the research and development of improved models for evolving technologies as the energy transition progresses. Initial limiting factors are likely to be the willingness of industries to retrofit the devices into existing processes, and the availability of low-cost electricity. Replacing large amounts of fossil fuels in industry will require a great expansion of renewable or other forms of electricity generation.

We had an enthusiastic response to our appeal for shareholders to name our silicon latent heat brick, with some very intriguing suggestions. My personal favourite was the amusing Silibrick, with ‘SiBrick’ being chosen and trademarked as the final name. To provide interested shareholders with a better understanding of SiBox we will be running tours of our workshop in the coming weeks.

The generator performance study for the Aurora Energy Project (Aurora) grid scale battery is complete, with the report expected by the end of July, but will not be submitted for regulatory approval until access to the transmission line has been secured. This will further delay the project and the benefits it brings to the national electricity network.

The quarter also saw the company provide some outlook on generating revenue from commercialisation. The Aurora BESS is still the most immediate prospect for generating net revenue.

The proposed commercial SiBox pilot could earn net revenues by displacing gas in an existing plant, so our technical analysts have been modelling potential revenue generation from growing SiBox deployment over decades as heat energy transitions to electricity. The results will be refined in the coming months with input from experienced economic analysts.

I look forward to reporting on a productive next quarter for shareholders.

Dr Kevin Moriarty

SiBox® Development Report

The commissioning trials of the SiBox Demonstration Module (SDM) have been successfully concluded, preparing for long term operational testing. 

The SDM comprises a modular arrangement of SiBricks optimised for energy storage capacity and effective heat transfer from the heating system through to hot clean air to recover the heat on demand. The SiBricks are contained within an insulated heat store and integrated with an energy recovery system that simulates a commercial application process such as a gas burner replacement in an alumina calciner.


The commissioning process included extensive trials to demonstrate SiBox operational capabilities, optimise control setpoints, generate initial results for analysis, and identify key parameters to inform future tests. The SiBox performed to expectations and analysis and comparison of the results with the theoretical models is ongoing.

As announced during the quarter, the commissioning trials successfully demonstrated the ability to deliver sustained clean heat for 6-12 hours at temperatures of 700°C to 850°C. 

Data from these trials closely align with the expectations from the engineering design tools and models developed, providing confidence for scale up designs of SiBox technology.

The 1 MWh of internal SiBricks performed robustly and were found in excellent condition on visual inspection. Several SiBricks were removed for analytical testing at different stages. 

The 12-month test runs of the SDM will simulate a variety of process conditions to validate both the SiBrick material and SiBox system performance. The key assessments include temperature distribution, heat transfer mechanics and fluid dynamics for outlet temperature control.

Figure 1. Discharge temperature versus time for SiBox runs with and without control system intervention. Note longer and precise temperature in controlled runs.

Commercialisation Report


SiBox® thermal energy storage aims to facilitate a cost-efficient energy transition pathway for even the hardest-to-decarbonise industrial sectors, replacing significant amounts of fossil fuels. Decarbonising high temperature processes that rely on natural gas presents a significant challenge and our SiBox is specifically designed for this very high temperature market. Recent analysis by 1414 Degrees revealed a significant finding: retrofitting a renewable powered SiBox can provide a much higher value proposition than incumbent fossil fuels as it can provide grid stability services in addition to the decarbonisation benefits. The analysis also found that gas supply constraints that are likely to continue in the foreseeable future will enable the SiBox technology to achieve cost-competitiveness earlier than anticipated. 


1414 Degrees’ proprietary thermal storage media, named SiBrick from 260 names suggested by shareholders, is at the core of the SiBox technology. It represents a significant breakthrough in harnessing the powerful latent heat capabilities of silicon for enabling a zero-carbon future. For over three years 1414 Degrees has been working under a technology partnership agreement with a global refractory manufacturer, Refratechnik-Steel Gmbh, to develop a mass-producible SiBrick. Refratechnik and 1414 Degrees are preparing for a production trial of 600 bricks in the next quarter. Future SiBox models could utilise up to 100,000 SiBricks per unit and underpin the commercialisation strategy with lower unit production costs. 


Green heat is a relatively new, but very large, market targeted by SiBox. The Demonstration Module showcases the technical and engineering capabilities of our technology for ultra-high temperature industries. Replacing even a portion of fossil fuel consumption in this multi-trillion-dollar market is incentivised by various forms of carbon taxes or penalties. 1414 Degrees’ technology can help major industries to reduce their compliance costs while producing greener products — ­cement, aluminium and steel. Our team are using data provided by industries to prepare the financial case to adopt our technology to reduce production cost and emissions. The results are being analysed by specialists and a report is expected in the current quarter.


Graham Davies has taken over from Tom Thwaites as General Manager – Aurora for 1414 Degrees. On secondment from Arup, Graham is a chartered engineer with over 25 years experience and a particular interest in heat transfer and renewable energy. We thank Tom for his service to the company at a critical juncture. Graham’s focus is on obtaining transmission line connection for the Aurora Energy Project initiatives in renewable generation, grid stability and transition technology.


Your Company ended the quarter with $1.95 million in cash, a decrease of $755,000 from the previous quarter.

As required by ASX Listing Rule 4.7C3, the Company notes that $50,000 was paid to related parties during the quarter. These payments were Directors Fees.

Directors Uptake in Entitlement Offer Scheduled to Close on August 14, 2023

Accelerate our commercial success

Non-renounceable pro rata entitlement offer 

On Friday, 14 July 2023, we announced a non-renounceable pro rata offer of one fully paid ordinary share in our company for every two shares held by shareholders, with one free attaching option. 

This offer for shareholders to extend their investment in our company opened on Monday, 24 July and will be open until Monday, 14 August 2023. 

It’s an important opportunity to help accelerate commercialisation of 1414 Degrees innovative thermal energy storage technology.  

We appreciate and thank our shareholders for their investment in our company and invite you to learn more about this new offer. 

To ensure eligible shareholders have essential information, this page summarises the offer and outlines communications you can expect to receive over the course of the offer period. 

Communications shareholders can expect 

Monday, 24 July Email to Shareholders 

On Monday, 24 July 2023 (the day the offer opened) you should have received an email explaining the offer, titled ‘Non-renounceable pro rata entitlement offer’. That email provides links to enable you to participate in the offer and would indicate the sender is “1414 Degrees Ltd”, having been sent via (check your spam/junk folder if you can’t find it in your inbox) 

This bespoke email to each eligible shareholder contains a personalised link, that enables you to skip verification steps, and participate in the offer. 

It also provides a link to the Prospectus document, details of your Entitlement (including how to pay by BPay) if you would like to participate in this offer. You should read the entire Prospectus carefully before deciding whether to invest in new shares. Click here to view the Prospectus now. 

Phone call from Peloton Shareholder Services, a financial services firm that provides shareholder advocacy 

Peloton Shareholder Services (who have been engaged to support us with this offer) will be phoning eligible shareholders to discuss the offer with them.  

This conversation will be tailored to your unique circumstances and the size of your current investment, to help you understand the relevance of this opportunity to your own investment decision. 

Keep in mind all conversations with Peloton Shareholder Services is NOT personal advice.  

If you need more information 

If you have any questions in relation to this offer, please call the Information Line on: 

1300 850 505 (within Australia) 
+61 3 9415 4000 (outside of Australia) 

Monday to Friday, 
8:30am to 5:00pm 


If you are an eligible shareholder and did not receive the email on 24 July 2023 

Click the following link and follow the instructions:  

*Make sure you have your SRN/HIN handy. Your HIN or SRN can be found on your holding statement and other security holder communications. 

Offer summary 

On Friday, 14 July 2023, 1414 Degrees Limited announced a non-renounceable pro rata offer of one fully paid ordinary share in the Company (New Share) for every two Shares held by Shareholders registered at 7.00pm (AEST) on Wednesday, 19 July 2023, (Record Date) at an offer price of $0.045 per New Share, with one free attaching Option exercisable at $0.10 each on or before the day that is 24 months after the date of issue (New Option) for each New Share applied for and issued under the Entitlement Offer.  

1414 Degrees is also offering eligible shareholders who take up their entitlements under the Entitlement Offer in full the opportunity to apply for additional New Shares (with free attaching New Options on the same basis as the Entitlement Offer) in excess of their entitlements pursuant to a top up facility (subject to applicable laws and the terms and conditions set out in the Prospectus dated 14 July 2023 (Prospectus)). The top up facility has been included to provide maximum opportunity for existing 1414 Degrees shareholders to apply for further Shares (and free attaching New Options) in the Company. 

Directors Uptake in Entitlement Offer Scheduled to Close on August 14, 2023

Shareholders advised of Non-Renounceable Pro-Rata Entitlement Offer

20 July 2023

Today our Chairman wrote to shareholders summarising key details about a non-renounceable pro-rata offer of new fully paid ordinary shares, each with a free attaching option (Entitlement Offer).

The letter is provided here:

Recently, in March 2023, the Company attracted funding through a placement of Shares at a substantial premium and your Board has been assessing how to fund the development of its products for commercialisation to maximise Shareholder participation and value.

We are aware that there are a significant number of Shareholders without a marketable parcel. We are also aware that there is substantial body of Shareholders who have invested at higher prices, and some with large shareholdings who have invested at substantially lower cost.

On 14 July 2023, we announced a non-renounceable pro-rata offer of new fully paid ordinary shares each with a free attaching option (Entitlement Offer) and this letter summarises key details.

Key details of the Entitlement Offer:

  1. Opening date: The Entitlement Offer will open on Monday, 24 July 2023.
  2. Prospectus: You will be sent the Prospectus and your personalised Entitlement and Acceptance Form on Monday, 24 July 2023. Please also refer to the Important Notice below.
  3. Entitlement Offer: You will have the opportunity to apply for one new share for every two shares you hold at 7 pm (AEST) on 19 July 2023, at an offer price of $0.045 per new share
  4. Free attaching option: For each new share applied for and issued under the Entitlement Offer, you will also receive one free attaching option exercisable at $0.10 each on or before the day that is 24 months after the date of issue of that option
  5. Eligibility: Only shareholders who:
    1. are registered as a holder of shares as at 7 pm (AEST) on 19 July 2023;
    2. have a registered address on the Company’s share register in Australia or New Zealand, or are, in the opinion of the Company, otherwise eligible to receive an offer of new securities under the Entitlement Offer; and
    3. are not in the United States and are not acting for the account or benefit of a person in the United States,
      are eligible to participate in the Entitlement Offer (Eligible Shareholders).
  6. Top up facility: Eligible Shareholders who take up their entitlements under the Entitlement Offer in full may apply for additional new shares at the offer price under the Entitlement Offer, with free attaching new options, subject to applicable laws and the terms and conditions set out in the Prospectus.

Taylor Collison Limited will act as the lead manager to the Entitlement Offer, including any shortfall to the Entitlement Offer. Taylor Collison will place any shortfall that is not allocated pursuant to the top up facility with sophisticated and professional investors on a best endeavours basis.

Any allocation of shortfall (including under the top up facility) is subject to the discretion of the Company’s directors as to the allocation of shortfall.

This email does not contain all the information that you may require in connection with the Entitlement Offer or an investment in the Company. It is provided to you for information purposes only and does not constitute an offer, invitation or recommendation to subscribe for, retain or purchase any securities in the Company.  We encourage you to review the full details of the Entitlement Offer in the Prospectus, which will be sent to you on 24 July 2023 and is currently available on the ASX at and on the Company’s website at

Thank you for your continued support as a shareholder of 1414 Degrees Limited.

Dr Kevin Moriarty
Executive Chairman, 1414 Degrees Limited


In accordance with section 734(6) of the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth), the Company notes:

  1. the Company lodged the Prospectus in relation to the Entitlement Offer and certain related offers with ASX and ASIC on 14 July 2023, which is available at;
  2. the Company will be the issuer of securities referred to in this email pursuant to the Prospectus;
  3. the offers of the securities under the Prospectus will be made in, or accompanied by, a copy of the Prospectus;
  4. a person should consider the Prospectus in deciding whether to acquire the securities in the Company; and
  5. anyone wishing to acquire the securities under the Entitlement Offer or any other offer made pursuant to the Prospectus will need to complete the relevant application form that will be in or will accompany the Prospectus.

If you receive this email and do not satisfy each of the criteria above for being an Eligible Shareholder, you are not entitled to participate in the Entitlement Offer (please refer to the Prospectus and the ‘Notification to Ineligible Shareholders’ announced by the Company along with the Prospectus on ASX on 14 July 2023 for further information).

The content of this email is not, and should not be considered as, a securities recommendation or financial product advice. The information in this email is general information only, and does not take into account your individual objectives, taxation position, financial situation or needs. Before acting on the information, you should consider the appropriateness of the information, having regard to your objectives, taxation position, financial situation or needs. If you are unsure of your position, please contact your stockbroker, accountant, taxation adviser, financial adviser or other professional adviser.

Strategic Partnership to Trial Mass Manufacture of SiBrick™️ Latent Heat Bricks

Strategic Partnership to Trial Mass Manufacture of SiBrick™️ Latent Heat Bricks

6 July 2023


  • Strategic partnership agreement signed with leading European developer and manufacturer of refractory products, Refratechnik-Steel GmbH
  • Refratechnik to trial manufacture 14D’s innovative latent heat storage solution, SiBrick™ with subsequent rigorous cycling in air at 1414 Degrees facilities to test performance
  • Each brick will store at least 1 kWh of usable energy at maximum output temperature

1414 Degrees Ltd  is pleased to announce it has strengthened its collaboration with Refratechnik-Steel GmbH (“Refratechnik”) to conduct manufacturing trials of the Company’s groundbreaking latent heat SiBrick™️, which has the potential to decarbonise high-temperature industries through electrifying industrial processes.

Headquartered in Munich, Refratechnik is part of a group of industry leading worldwide companies that develops, manufactures, and installs high grade refractories for high temperature industrial processes. Refratechnik specialises in products for the cement, lime, aluminium, ceramics, chemicals and iron & steel industries among others.

Refratechnik has collaborated to develop a mass producible SiBrick and will manufacture 600 of 14D’s bricks, in batches, to determine the feasibility of mass production. Manufacturing and quality control testing is expected to take 4 months.

Future SiBox® models, as currently envisaged, will utilise up to 100,000 SiBricks™ per module, thus demonstrating production of commercial volumes at a lower cost per unit will expedite 14D’s commercialisation strategy.

The partnership will now focus on manufacturing methods and costs for production at scale following several years of close research and development collaboration for SiBrick™ under a Technology Partnership Agreement signed in 2020. Under the original agreement 10 bricks were manufactured at Refratechnik’s research facility which are now undergoing testing in 1414 Degrees’ furnaces.

Each mass-produced thermal energy storage brick will store 1 kWh of usable energy at maximum output temperature. Following manufacturing, the bricks will be subjected to rigorous cycling in air in 1414 Degrees facilities to test performance and ensure they are sufficiently robust. Some may be installed in the SiBox® Demonstration Module and under to the partnership, Refratechnik will have first right to manufacturing SiBrick™ for commercial scale SiBox® installations.

Kevin Moriarty, Executive Chairman of 1414 Degrees commented “at 1414 Degrees, we pursue achievable goals from a robust business model designed to partner with leading players across our target industries to support decarbonisation efforts and deliver continuous growth. Strategic partnership agreements are a key element of our commercial model.

Licencing of existing refractory plants to manufacture our proprietary SiBrick™️ will allow us to expand production with minimal capital investment while simultaneously ensuring we can remain at the forefront of technology for the energy transition.

Our competitive advantages are anticipated to lie not only in harnessing the exceptional energy density and high temperatures of molten silicon but also in the ability to achieve economies of scale though SiBrick™️ mass production. These would allow us to participate in and foster the new thermal energy storage market with major growth potential driven by emissions reduction for high-temperature industries.”

1414 Degrees remains committed to advancing the boundaries of thermal energy storage, and is excited about the potential impact of its SiBrick™️ technology in the global Long Duration Energy Storage (LDES) market.

The Company looks forward to updating its shareholders and the industry as it progresses through this pivotal stage of trials and testing.

Pictured above is one of Refratechnik’s refractory brick manufacturing facilities in Germany.


Founded in 1950 and headquartered in Munich, Bavaria, the Refratechnik Group is a global network of companies, active in the refractory and raw material business.

Their advanced products as well as their service and processing expertise are applied worldwide in all high-temperature industrial processes, for example in the cement, lime, ceramics, iron and steel, aluminium and non-ferrous metals industries.

For more information on Refratechnik (which is part of the Refratechnik Group), please visit

Directors Uptake in Entitlement Offer Scheduled to Close on August 14, 2023

Letter from the Chairman

Today our Chairman wrote to our shareholders and stakeholders, wrapping up the 2022-23 financial year and outlining plans for the year ahead.

3 July 2023

As we formally close the 2023 financial year, I am writing to thank you for your support this year and to address the recent unfortunate poor performance of our shares. I would also like to extend my thanks to those of you who raised concerns with me directly. Hearing directly from shareholders provides valuable feedback and helps us calibrate our communications, especially considering we have an innovative technology for a new market.

As little as 12 months ago very few industries and even fewer companies were considering technological solutions to abate complex and hard to decarbonise industrial processes like cement, aluminium, or iron and steel production. Receiving support from one of those forward-thinking companies, Woodside Energy Technologies, and the Australian Government has enabled us to develop a truly pioneering heat storage technology that can be integrated into major industries globally.

Renewable energy and renewable energy solutions have received significant attention following the commitments made by governments worldwide at COP27 and prior meetings. While this is encouraging for the sector many solutions face technologic and economic challenges and it is important that real solutions are achievable in the proposed timelines.

We encountered natural teething problems in our innovation journey up to 2020 and these experiences have proven valuable as we navigate commercialising our technology in an increasingly supportive legislative environment. They provide us a commercial clarity about attainable goals compared to other companies in the broad sector. We are focused on achievable goals which are underpinned by a business model designed for success.

Our model involves licensing existing refractory plants to manufacture SiBrick™️ and licensing SiBox® to third-party engineering companies that build and service industrial plants. This approach allows us to expand production with minimal capital and generate recurring revenues, while our team continues to focus on the research and development of even better and more cost-effective products.

With the recent encouraging results following four years of innovation, we see a growth trajectory ahead. Retrofitting our silicon technology into existing processing lines will help industries reduce their reliance on fossil fuels and immediately impact emissions. This approach minimises capital risks and is attractive to industries since they can adopt the new technology without significant disruption, retaining gas burning as an adjunct or backup. This is sensible – our technology produces a controlled stream of very hot air using standard processing equipment, ducting and fans so we have a path to the lower costs essential to incentivise industry.

Our competitive advantage lies not only in harnessing the very high energy density and temperatures of molten silicon, but that it is contained in brick form which facilitates scalability and mass production. Heat is a new market and needs to be proven to industry, but we have the most commercially advanced technology for high temperature industry to reduce emissions.

Our commitment to getting it right is underpinned by the vast scale of the heat market. Replacing even a portion of fossil fuel consumption in this multi-trillion-dollar market is incentivised by various forms of carbon taxes or penalties. 1414 Degrees’ technology can help major industries to reduce their compliance costs while producing greener cement, aluminium and steel.

We have turned our technology around at a pivotal time in Australia’s energy transition journey making this a very exciting stage for investors and industry.

Lastly, I am pleased to report that as we continue to strengthen our corporate development team we have engaged London-based Hannam & Partners to ensure we receive appropriate recognition in the wider investment markets.

Thank you for your support in this pivotal year and I look forward to reporting substantial results in the coming year.

Kevin Moriarty