Media Fact Sheet
What you need to know about 1414 Degrees
1414 Degrees is an energy sector innovator set to revolutionise the global energy environment. Founded in 2009, 1414 Degrees was originally known as Latent Heat Pty Ltd.
Our Thermal Energy Storage System (TESS) technology arose out of the initial investigations by the CSIRO concerning storage methods for solar energy. A visionary group of private investors developed these ideas and concepts further, investing more than $2 million on research and development across a five year period.
High temperature engineers ammjohn Pty Ltd were retained, and they substantially revised the design of the TESS to store electricity from any source, which led to the commissioning of a working prototype after a further two years of research and development. The prototype development was co-funded by an Accelerating Commercialisation grant from AusIndustry.
During the past decade, we have been developing a grid-scale electricity storage solution that costs a lot less than a lithium-ion battery for the same electrical energy storage. Its storage system can be built to the scale of pumped hydro, but located where useful, instead of near hills or water.
The TESS is highly efficient, safe, clean and scalable – and unlike any other energy storage system in the world. The system utilises molten silicon to store energy and return it as both electricity and clean, useful heat.
The 1414 Degrees system helps solve the biggest issue for renewable energy – intermittent supply – and thereby facilitates major growth of low cost energy without sacrificing reliability.
The prototype was developed at facilities at Tonsley, Australia’s first innovation precinct. The space was provided by the South Australian Government and development co-funded by AusIndustry, a division of the Federal Government’s Department of Industry, Innovation and Science.
We recently outgrew the facilities at Tonsley and have since moved to a substantial site at Lonsdale’s Southlink Industrial Park.
Key members of the 1414 Degrees team
Dr Kevin Moriarty has a 40+ year history of mining and oil exploration and development, and almost three decades’ experience at the helm of listed companies. He is a recognised authority on the creation, development and leadership of corporate entities.
The Executive Chairman of Australian energy sector innovator, 1414 Degrees Ltd, Dr Moriarty has served as Director and Chairman of a number of companies listed on the Australian Securities Exchange (ASX). He has also founded and led several organisations to develop mines in Australia and abroad.
Dr Moriarty has led 1414 Degrees for the past 2 years, guiding its development of industrial and grid-scale electricity storage solutions set to revolutionise the global energy environment.
In 2017, under the steerage of Dr Moriarty, 1414 Degrees raised $7.5 million from private investors and an additional $1.6 million in grant funding. The company will shortly issue an Initial Public Offering (IPO) to accelerate its plans for international expansion and commence the first commercial installations of its ground- breaking technology.
In addition to his roles with 1414 Degrees, Dr Moriarty is Executive Chairman of Fenix Mining Pty Ltd. In the past he served as Executive Chairman of Terramin Australia Ltd, founding President of Western Mediterranean Zinc Spa (Algeria), and founding Chairman and Director of Tarcoola Gold Ltd. He was also an honorary research fellow of Flinders University and the Australian National University, and a member of the Council for Australian Arab Relations. Dr Moriarty is a current member of the Australian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy and the Geological Society of Australia.
Matthew Johnson, Chief Technology Officer, was intrigued by the challenge to harness the power of silicon and, in 2011, decided to drive the technology further though his company, ammjohn Pty Ltd, a specialist industrial engineering practice.
Matthew has been the key technical driver of our business, with 25 years of experience as a mechanical engineer. He started his career in industrial construction site works, moving to a commissioning engineering role for a range of specialist German cement technology companies. During this period, Matthew built and commissioned a number of projects which, at the time, were groundbreaking and at the very edge of what was considered technically feasible, thus providing an excellent basis for his role with 1414 Degrees.
How 1414 Degrees is funded
Approximately $12 million has been invested in the company to date, and $7.5 million has been raised from sophisticated private investors since December 2016, when 1414 Degrees became an unlisted public company. We plan to accelerate our technology globally through an Initial Public Offering (IPO) and ASX listing in the second quarter of 2018.
By highlighting the global application of clean, scalable energy storage and its outlook for substantial capital growth, we have attracted interest from around the world. Large investors from the United States, Singapore, Hong Kong and Australia have joined 1414 Degrees. Our cornerstone investors have also reserved an allocation of funds in the upcoming IPO.
1414 Degrees also applies for and receives grant funding from a variety of sources. We were recently named as a recipient of support under the previous Government of South Australia’s Renewable Technology Fund (RTF).
The RTF grant of $1.6 million was for groundbreaking technology that integrates energy generation from waste with storage, and we are developing our pilot installation at SA Water’s Glenelg Wastewater Treatment Plant.
How the 1414 Degrees energy storage system works
Energy storage is beginning to move from a ‘nice-to- have’ to an essential requirement in communities across the globe. 1414 Degrees wants to ensure this is economically available and environmentally sound, delivering energy for all, at all times.
Consumers around the world are seeking low cost, reliable electricity from renewable sources. 1414 Degrees, along with its key investors, is committed to developing groundbreaking solutions to local, national and global energy issues.
We offer a grid-scale electricity storage solution developed in South Australia. Our thermal storage technology utilises molten silicon (silicon melts at 1414 degrees Celsius) to solve the intermittency of renewable generation and provide spinning inertial support for the grid.
Our technology takes electricity from any source – the grid or renewables – and stores it as latent heat (energy to make a phase change, in this case molten silicon). Once stored by our system, the energy is then dispatched on demand as both electricity and heat.
Silicon is more efficient because it has a very high melting point and can hold much more energy than other phase change materials, such as molten salt which has a latent phase at approximately 220 degrees Celsius.
The advantage of silicon is that it can be cycled endlessly at its melting point, storing and releasing 500KWh/tonne without the temperature changing, and with very low loss through insulation. This makes it a very compact and efficient store for energy, compared to all other means.
Our devices can work in all climates, from desert to snow to the tropics, storing energy from any source.
The 1414 Degrees TESS can be charged at high rates when load changes quickly, such as when transmission lines fail. The device – located anywhere in the grid – can supply the grid with the same spinning load and frequency support as gas-fired plants or coal generators when it regenerates power in its turbines. The TESS can provide peak shifting by storing renewable generation at times of low demand and releasing at periods of high demand.
The 1414 Degrees technology efficiency
Our Thermal Energy Storage System (TESS) is measured on Combined Heat and Power (CHP) efficiency. The prototype has achieved an electrical efficiency of 31 per cent of the energy recovery device and more than 80 per cent CHP efficiency.
The electrical efficiency of the industrial TESS-IND modules will be dependent upon the application, with units capable of 15-40 per cent, depending on the thermal energy requirements. Energy usage in industrial sites reportedly averages 33 per cent electrical and 66 per cent heat in the form of steam or water, but many process industries require up to 95 per cent of their energy as heat.
The TESS-GRID devices will aim for the 57 per cent electrical efficiency of advanced power stations, but will be co-located (where possible) with heat consumers, such as greenhouse food producers or process industries, for CHP efficiencies of up to 80 per cent.
By way of further example, pumped hydro has electrical efficiency of 70-80 per cent, and electrochemical flow batteries provide 60-80 per cent electrical efficiency.
Footprint and scalability of the 1414 Degrees Thermal Energy Storage System (TESS)
Our Thermal Energy Storage System (TESS) is easily and economically scalable to any size. Its footprint is small compared to similar scale storage devices, and the cost is much less than batteries.
The 1414 Degrees technology does not compete with lithium batteries, for example, because they are lightweight and suited to mobile applications such as phones and cars. Batteries are useful for short term, fast responses to maintain frequency in electrical networks. However, our solution would suit a vehicular charging station or provide a better solution at district or grid scale.
As a clean, scalable energy storage device, it could make battery storage at the household level unnecessary and even uneconomic, because it would make grid supply more reliable and less costly.
The 10MWh and 200MWh TESS modules can be connected to fill the range from 6MWh to 2+GWh.
We are currently building a 6MWh module and will build a test cell of our 200MWh device later this year. The 6MWh system will be the approximate size of a 40ft shipping container. A 200MWh module will be configured with adaptive technology to maximise economies of scale and increase efficiencies. It will simply be a matter of adding these modules together to scale up to any requirement, with our expectation that a 1GWh site will be developed in the near future.
While the technology is sophisticated, its simplicity of deployment and scaling will underpin its success.
Key sustainable benefits of the 1414 Degrees technology
Our TESS is a cost effective solution in the sparsely occupied niche market of large scale storage solutions (i.e. between 6MWh and +1GWh). It is differentiated from pumped hydro and solar thermal by having minimal site specific requirements, and is a compact solution for cost effective integration in almost any location.
The TESS can be placed near consumers or generators, minimising the additional costs of kilometres of high voltage lines and their commensurate transmission costs, and can be positioned adjacent to a district heating network. This reduces the cost of connecting expensive and disruptive infrastructure.
As storage technologies are deployed exponentially across the coming few years, we need to be mindful of the environmental consequences. 1414 Degrees’ devices can be positioned virtually anywhere and our system is environmentally benign. Unlike chemical storage, our thermal storage uses abundantly available silicon that can be reused.
From an environmental perspective, decommissioning of a TESS will be achieved with minimal negative impact. Waste produced is solidified silicon that can easily be disposed of or recycled. It does not need to be treated or specially contained, and has no damaging chemical impact if it needs to be discarded at the end of its useful life.
The key sustainable benefits of the TESS are:
- It has a long life cycle;
- It is built with abundant materials (silicon, graphite, steel etc); and
- It is simple to decommission in a way that is environmentally benign.
Lifespan and cost of the 1414 Degrees TESS
Our system is built to last at least 20-30 years and works at its optimal capacity when constantly active. It enables renewable generation to provide the equivalent benefits of traditional synchronous base load generation, plus grid stability through fast frequency response within .250 milliseconds, and spinning inertia.
The technology will maintain its efficiency and capacity throughout its life (at least 20-30 years), compared with batteries, which have a much shorter life span due to the fact that their capacity diminishes with use.
Key applications of the 1414 Degrees energy storage technology
The TESS has been developed for a range of applications before, between and after the meter on electrical networks. It can store energy from renewables directly or from the grid to stabilise supply and decrease costs.
The GAS-TESS can charge directly from burning gas, and was developed to provide more efficient energy recovery from biogas generated in waste processing. It stores the energy from the gas until needed as electricity or heat to speed up waste digestion. The very high temperature of combustion in the GAS-TESS completely destroys any toxic chemicals from the waste.
The heat output of our technology is ideally suited to applications such a district heating, wastewater treatment, desalination, greenhouses and industries that use large quantities of high temperature heat, such as food processing and production.
Cold climate cities and towns throughout the world use substantial amounts of energy to heat housing and buildings through district heating programs, and these would also be applicable to the 1414 Degrees technology. Currently, district heating around the world is sourced either from the grid or by burning gas, but a TESS could store renewable energy at times of low demand (and low prices) and supply both heat and electricity at a lower cost.
There is an immediate need for innovative energy storage technology in Australia, as it faces a significant shift in energy policies addressing both price and stability.
While we plan to continue our research and development in South Australia, and deploy our first systems in this country, market analysis shows that demand for the 1414 Degrees technology will likely be greatest in overseas markets. The global requirement for clean heat energy is greater than electrical energy.
Evidence of our success
1414 Degrees successfully tested its prototype in September 2016, and we will shortly commence our first commercial installations – including a pilot installation at SA Water’s Glenelg Wastewater Treatment Plant.
SA Water currently uses biogas, produced by its wastewater treatment processing, to generate electricity to power its operations. Our technology will instead safely burn the biogas and store the thermal energy, so the heat and electricity can be harnessed to better coincide with SA Water’s operational needs and times of high electricity market prices.
The market for this technology is vast and growing – in 2016, bio-power gas capacity was 112GW, producing 504 Terawatt-hours (504,000,000MWh). This energy is not stored to maximise its value, so 1414 Degrees will be at the forefront to capitalise on this.
The immediate term next steps in the evolution of 1414 Degrees
We received approval in principle to proceed with submitting an ASX listing application in January 2018, and we are aiming to have our prospectus ready in the second quarter of 2018.
Our GAS-TESS project at SA Water’s Glenelg Wastewater Treatment Plant – which burns waste methane, stores the energy, and returns both heat and electricity – is currently under construction with the assistance of a $1.6 million grant from the previous Government of South Australia’s Renewable Technology Fund (RTF).
New commercial contracts will be announced in the coming months, as we accelerate our commercial development. More detail will be released in our prospectus.
1414 Degrees as a disruptor
In many global energy markets, including Australia, market forces and policies do not encourage energy storage. Key stakeholders may have a vested interest in seeing electricity and gas prices remaining high. The 1414 Degrees system will place downward pressure on electricity prices and displace gas for many industrial users.
Our thermal energy technology will also disrupt the grid scale energy storage industry, as the solution offers dual outcomes with both heat and electricity – at a much lower cost than other options – with minimal maintenance at any location across a 20-30 year lifespan.
**Additional information about 1414 Degrees, its technology and market – as well as technical information – can be found here https://1414degrees.com.au/faqs/